TokuDB is a high-performance, scalable storage engine for MySQL/MariaDB. Since the engine is optimized for a large volume of data, nowadays it would become a reasonable option to build an in-house big data analytics solution.
As the first step toward making sure its effectiveness and efficiency, I simply tried to enable the storage engine in MariaDB running on an AWS EC2 instance. Let me share the whole procedure so that everyone can easily deep-dive into TokuDB itself, rather than some troublesome chores.
First, create an AWS EC2 instance with a security group that accepts
port=3306 inbound request, and install the components as:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-plugin-tokudb
[mariadb] # See https://mariadb.com/kb/en/how-to-enable-tokudb-in-mariadb/ # for instructions how to enable TokuDB # # See https://mariadb.com/kb/en/tokudb-differences/ for differences # between TokuDB in MariaDB and TokuDB from http://www.tokutek.com/ plugin-load-add=ha_tokudb.so
bind-address configured in
/etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf as follows:
# this is read by the standalone daemon and embedded servers [server] # this is only for the mysqld standalone daemon [mysqld] # # * Basic Settings # user = mysql pid-file = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid socket = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock port = 3306 basedir = /usr datadir = /var/lib/mysql tmpdir = /tmp lc-messages-dir = /usr/share/mysql skip-external-locking # Instead of skip-networking the default is now to listen only on # localhost which is more compatible and is not less secure. bind-address = 0.0.0.0
Run the server:
# https://support.rackspace.com/how-to/installing-mysql-server-on-ubuntu/ # sudo ufw allow mysql sudo systemctl restart mysql sudo mysql
Next, create a user in the MySQL console:
CREATE USER 'username'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'username'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION; CREATE USER 'username'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'username'@'%' WITH GRANT OPTION; FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Create and see a dummy table with the TokuDB engine:
create database foo; use foo; CREATE TABLE sample_tokudb ( id int NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, name varchar(128), age integer, PRIMARY KEY (id) ) ENGINE=TokuDB; INSERT INTO sample_tokudb (name, age) VALUES ('Joe', 28); INSERT INTO sample_tokudb (name, age) VALUES ('Katie', 30); INSERT INTO sample_tokudb (name, age) VALUES ('Tom', 26); -- make sure if it's created with the TokuDB engine SHOW TABLE STATUS WHERE Name = 'sample_tokudb';
Finally, we can remotely connect to a TokuDB-enabled table hosted by the MariaDB server:
mysql -u username -h $EC2_HOST -d sample_tokudb -p
We are now ready to play with the high-performance storage engine.
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Author: Takuya Kitazawa
Takuya Kitazawa is a sustainability-conscious product developer, minimalistic traveler, ultralight hiker & runner, and craft beer enthusiast. Throughout my career, I have practically worked as a full-stack software engineer, OSS developer, technical evangelist, sales engineer, data scientist, machine learning engineer, and product manager.
Opinions are my own and do not represent the views of organizations I am/was belonging to.